A Gift From 1 Gardener to another
Courtesy of: my Cherokee Grandmother & Medicine Woman Emma Jane Beck-Cox, my German Grandfather Will Reiter, The Old Farmer’s Almanac-Circa 1930-1950, Verified 2016-2017 Sources: Harvest to Table Publications, Toadstools Aquaponics, The Country Basket, The Vegetable Gardener, The Organic Authority, Learn2Grow, et al.
Asters deter most insects from the garden
Basil deters mosquitoes, aphids, flies, horn-worms: should be planted with tomato, carrot, onion, cucumbers & parsley to improve growth & enhance taste. Especially by tomato as enhanced taste is documented.
Borage deters worms’ even horn-worms especially from cabbage, tomato, spinach, strawberries & broccoli. It attracts beneficial bees, wasps & adds trace minerals to soil & increases plants resistance to disease. Do not let it go to seed-extract 1st as it will overpopulate & take the garden
Calendula (Pot Marigold) a relative but not actually a marigold deters beetles, horned worms & most insects especially from asparagus and tomato
Chamomile enriches the ground
Catnip deters fleas, beetles, spittle-bugs, ants, Japanese beetles & weevils. Cat owners beware as cats may roll in it damaging nearby vegetation.
Celery deters the white cabbage butterfly which also feeds on leeks, cauliflower & also tomato & bush type beans but should not be planted with strawberries, carrots, peas, corn, radish, parsley, lettuce, beans or tomato
Chrysanthemum deters most insects such as Japanese beetles and nematodes but retards lettuce growth, use freely avoiding the lettuce plot Pyre-thin contained in the bloom kills insects and is perfectly save to mammals including humans
Citronella Grass is a type of lemon grass and it repels mosquitoes
planted around and through a cabbage patch completely protects the cabbage from cabbage worms & aphids
Dahlias repel nematodes
Nematodes are the most numerous multicellular animals on earth. A handful of soil will contain thousands of the microscopic worms, many of them parasites of insects, plants or animals. Free-living species are abundant, including nematodes that feed on bacteria, fungi, and other nematodes, yet the vast majority of species encountered are poorly understood biologically. There are nearly 20,000 described species classified in the phylum Nematatode
Nematodes are structurally simple organisms. Adult nematodes are comprised of approximately 1,000 somatic cells, and potentially hundreds of cells associated with the reproductivwhich extends from the mouth on the anterior end, to the anus located near the tail. Nematodes possess digestive, nervous, excretory, and reproductive systems, but lack a discrete circulatory or respiratory system. In size they range from 0.3 mm to over 8 meters. e system . Nematodes have been characterized as a tube within a tube ; referring to the alimentary canal
Dead Nettle deters potato bugs
Dill deters aphids, cabbage loopers, spider mites and squash bugs should be planted at the opposite end of the garden from strawberry, carrots, peas, corn, radish, parsley, lettuce, beans, tomato & onion-chives. Good to plant among grapes and cabbage
Feverfew aka bachelor’s buttons contain pyre-thrum which keeps aphids off roses and kills insects. It is used to treat migraines and inhaled is safe to humans and should be planted throughout the garden
Flax deters potato bugs which also feed on carrots
Garlic deters coddling moths whose larvae feed on apples & pears Japanese beetle, spider mites, fleas, flies, mosquitoes aphids, blight, root maggots, mold & most insects from tomato, carrot, eggplants, the cabbage family but avoid planting near peas, beans and legumes as it deters a specific aphid necessary for their proper maturing. Garlic repels rabbits, chipmunks, squirrels and snails.
Geranium deters cabbage worms, corn earworms, Japanese beetles and should be intermingled throughout garden
Four-o-Clocks attract & kill Japanese beetles however the seeds are toxic to birds, pets & people
Horseradish deters potato bugs and needs a permanent year round placement
Larkspur also known as delphinium is lethal to livestock and humans
dried and used as a rub deters dandruff, stops itchy skin, and keeps clothing, bedding & towels in drawers fresh & sweet scented, snipped and added to bath aids with soothing effects. Granny Cox made lavender soap. In the garden it deters, flies, white-flies, fleas, mosquitoes, moths & scorpions plus smells heavenly
Marigolds deter most insects & aphids including eel-worms nematodes (root knots-microscopic white worms), asparagus beetles, tomato worms, squash bugs, thrips (a minute black winged insect that sucks plant sap and can be a serious pest), hornworms, white flies and the Mexican bean beetle & should be planted near potato, peppers, tomato, eggplant and especially near roses & strawberries. Marigolds enrich the soil.
Marjoram strengthens plant growth and enriches soil
Mint (Peppermint) deters the white cabbage moth from cabbage & tomato plants also ants, aphids & flea beetles
Nasturtium deters aphids, squash & potato bugs, the striped pumpkin beetle, cucumber beetles and whiteflies. Plant near beans, the cabbage family & cucumbers
Onions & Chives
deter aphids, spider mites, potato beetles, Japanese beetles, carrot rust flies and most pests but retard the growth of strawberry, carrots, peas, corn, radish, parsley, lettuce, beans, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower & sage. Perennial chives planted among roses remove the disease known as blackspot & planted in the orchard keep scabs off apple trees
NOTE Retarding growth is usually the result of 1 plant drawing so many nutrients from the soil that another plant is robbed of needed nutrients. Thus separating eases the stress on plants & soil.
Oregeno repels aphids, cabbage worms & cucumber beetles. It is however invasive & should not be let to go to seed
Parsley should be planted with Tomatoes, Asparagus, Roses, Chives (not onions) It enhances these but restricts mint, celery, dill, lettuce & cabbage family growth
Penny Royal deters ants, aphids, ticks, fleas and cabbage maggots, and is great around broccoli, cabbage and roses.
Petunias deter bean pests including the Mexican bean beetle, potato bugs & squash bugs, leaf hoppers, asparagus beetles, Japanese beetles, horned beetles, hornworms & aphids. A lot of vegetable plants will thrive when petunias are planted close by, as petunias trap so many bugs and pest insects but especially plant near tomatoes, broccoli, beans, potatoes, peppers, and basil.
Radishes deter cucumber & squash beetles & stink bugs and should be planted by beans, carrots, cucumber, parsnips & squash avoid planting with cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli or turnips, celery, dill & potato. Radishes diminish the sweetness of onions and they should be separated from each other.
Rosemary deters the cabbage moth, bean beetle & carrot fly, slugs, mosquitoes and should be planted with beans, carrots, cabbage
Sage deters the bean beetles, all flying insects including cabbage moth & carrot fly. Do not plant near rue or cucumber as it deters aphids needed for their growth. None of the aromatic herbs should be planted with cucumbers
Sunflowers are excellent at attracting & holding aphids
Tansy deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs & ants. Do not plant near collards it cross pollinates & mutates. Tansy is poisonous to pets & humans & is invasive. My family always destroyed it.
The Three Sisters: as known by native Americans: Corn, pole beans & squash – Plant corn and pole beans on a mound or small hill; next, plant squash or pumpkin vines at the base of the mound. The corn will act as a living pole or stake for the beans to climb. The beans which draw nitrogen from the air and “fix” or add it to the soil will helps the corn grow. Prickly squash vines growing at the foot of the mound will protect the corn and beans from animal crop invaders. Tomato should be planted apart from them
Tarragon enriches plant growth and the soil
Thyme deters cabbage worms, slugs, cabbage moths, beetles, mosquitoes and should be planted with beans, carrots, eggplant, tomato & cabbage
Yarrow attracts ladybugs & the green lacewing fly that consumes masses of aphids, mealy bugs, mites & scale and enhance the production of essential oils in all plant foliage
Bees & Wasps& Praying Mantis Are all friends to the garden.
Beets are adversely affected by beans & mustard
Strawberries, carrots, peas, corn, radish, parsley, lettuce, beans & tomato are adversely affected by cabbage family plants, turnips & potatoes
Aromatic Herbs include: tarragon, mint, rosemary, sage, catnip & thyme & should not be planted with cucumbers. The herbs: basil, chamomile, dill, feverfew, garlic, horseradish, lavender, marjoram, oregano, parsley, penny royal. tansy & yarrow are not considered aromatic herbs. Aromatic does not refer to scent but to chemical emmissions.
Plant lettuce, peas, corn, beans, aromatic herbs, strawberry, carrots, radish & squash together as they do well with each other
Beans because they add nitrogen to the soil should be rotated annually
Hope this blesses you!!!!!!!